Â The latest result of Phil’s intensive research is this article on a little-known, but significant WW-Combatives instructor. Published here for the first time.
George Frederick William De Relwyskow: â€œA Fighting Manâ€ by PHIL MATTHEWS
[De Relwyskow â€“ Courtesy of Lynn Phillip Hodgeson]
Born: 18 /6/1887 in the United Kingdom
Died: 9/11/1943 in Burma on Active Service
George William Frederick De Relwyskow was born in the borough of Kensington,Â (which is in the City of London) on the 18th of June, 1887. He was born into a large family of White Russian origin which was well known for its great Wrestlers and Wrestling Promoters, as he grew he himself took part in these pursuits also. Although he was primarily a â€œFreestyleâ€ Wrestling practitioner from a young age my research shows that he also took part in the â€œCatch-As-Catch Canâ€ style. His success in wrestling was such that was a both a Gold and Silver Medal winner in two weight Divisions (at just 21 years of age) in the second Olympic Games in 1908 which were also held in London.
Lightweight (-66.6 kg) Gold Medal
Middleweight (-73 kg) Silver Medal
Also a medal winner at this time was a man named â€œStanley Vivian Baconâ€, from Camberwell in London. Further research is needed on this person but it is possible that he was the originator of the â€œS.V Bacon Style of Wrestlingâ€ favoured by the British Army shortly after World War Two.
[Photo Courtesy - Allan Best]
According to some British researcherâ€™s De Relwyskow was a Hand to Hand Combat Instructor for the British Army in World War One. It is thought that during this time he also taught special â€œTrench Raiding Partiesâ€.
What is known is that later in 1918 he was based in Aldershot as an Instructor with what would later become known as the Physical Training Corps. It was here he first trained many Army Instructors in his methods of Wrestling, Self Protection and Physical Training.
During the Inter-War years De Relwyskow continued to practise and participate in Wrestling competitions, bouts and promotions. Continuing with his Wartime experiences he also produced a book on his method of â€˜Physical Cultureâ€™ which he entitled â€˜My Simple Way to Healthâ€.
[Above - Cover of De Relwyskowâ€™s Physical Culture Book]
[Above â€“ Poster from De Relwyskowâ€™s Physical Culture Book]
Although a part of the â€˜Physical Cultureâ€™ movement of the time the â€œwinner of over 1,000 contests and Lightweight Wrestling Champion of the Worldâ€ also wrote a book entitled â€œThe Art of Wrestlingâ€.Â
Published in 1925 this work also included a small section on Self Defence methods. The most Interesting part of this Instruction was the complete disdain for any type of ground grappling in a self defence or battlefield situation. This mirrors W.E Fairbairnâ€™s views as shown in â€œScientific Self Defenceâ€ and shows that in terms of real self protection De Relwyskow was obviously a very practical man.
[De Relwyskowy in his early Twenties]
The book also states that he was the â€œOfficial Trainer to British Olympic Games Team, Paris, 1924â€.
STS 103 – CAMP X
[Sergeant Major George de Relwyskow, Standing on Left, Back Row]
His time as an Instructor didnâ€™t end there though. During World War Two he volunteered to go back in the Army and served as an Instructor in Unarmed Combat and Silent Killing with SOE (Special Operations Executive).Â He was so successful in this that he was later posted as an Instructor to the SOE School in Canada Special Training School (STS) 103 which was also known as â€œCamp Xâ€. The school began in December of 1941 and De Relwyskow was the Instructor who replaced W.E Fairbairn in teaching his specialty of Close Combat, Silent Killing and Small Arms.
Noted Camp X researcher Lynn Hodgson has told the experience of one evening when:
â€œOn one particular Saturday night at the Camp, de Relwyskow, of whom it was said, “could strike like a snake”, went into Oshawa for some “R&R” with one of the other instructors.Â After some time at the Genosha Hotel, de Relwyskow noticed that a man was staring at him and making gestures.Â De Relwyskow quickly became agitated and went over to confront the man.Â Some words were exchanged and suddenly the man took a swing at de Relwyskow.Â In one continuous motion, and with split second timing de Relwyskow grabbed a ketchup bottle, broke it and held the jagged edge to the manâ€™s throat until finally his mate pulled him away from the man.Â This man never knew how lucky he was for he had just taken on one of the most feared silent killing experts in the worldâ€.
George De Relwyskow on left. Photo Courtesy of Lynn Phillip Hodgeson]
In STS 103 De Relwyskow worked closely with another Instructor, â€œHarry Courtâ€ (The Camp X Explosives and Demolitions Instructor) but he didnâ€™t want to be a trainer â€“ he wanted active service. At this time he was fifty-five years old, one canâ€™t help but feel that as an active man all his life he would have baulked at the thought of spending the war behind a desk.
In David Staffordâ€™s book an experience where De Relwyskow was teaching Unarmed Combat to one of the latest recruits, a nervous bank clerk from Toronto is mentioned.
â€œYou push their eyes in with your fingersâ€, said De Relwyskow.
â€œI couldnâ€™t do thatâ€, protested the trainee in horror
â€œâ€If you donâ€™tâ€ replied the Champion Wrestler, â€œyou might get your’s pushed in!â€
A fighting man all his life he wanted action, after his stint as a trainer he returned to Britain and was sent to the Far East. He certainly experienced a lot of action and was killed on a mission in Burma late November 1943.
In David Staffordâ€™s book â€œCamp Xâ€ there is a picture of De Relwyskow lying in snow by a river, apparently deep in thought. Looking at it I sometimes wonder if he had any inkling of how history would treat him (see notes).
His surviving family were also very much interested in the arts of Wrestling and after the War became involved in promoting wrestling matches. An example of one of their posters is shown below.Â
[Winter Gardens Promotion - 1961]
If anyone knows any of his family or of how I could contact them Iâ€™d love for them to get in touch.Â
Take care, Phil
Spread the Legacy, Keep it Alive!!
Copyright 2006 â€“ thebristolbloke
Special thanks to Lynn Philip Hodgson for his permission in letting me use his photographs of De Relwyskow and quote.
Thanks also to James F again for his help and support in getting this essay together.
Special mention needs to go to Allan Best of the British Wrestling Association for his help in additional photographs and â€˜gristâ€™ – my grateful thanks!
Also my thanks for their immense help to:
Paul Gerasimczyk – USA
Dennis Martin – UK
Marcus Wynne – USAÂ Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â
Mika Soderman – SWE
Ron E – UK
Lynx â€“ â€œOf the Feline Kingdom – All places are alike to herâ€
Lynn Philip Hodgson â€“ see his webpage http://www.camp-x.com/
David Stafford â€“ Camp X: Canada’s School for Secret Agents
Allan Best of the British Wrestling Association (BWA) for his help and aid â€“ please visit the BWA website @ http://www.britishwrestling.org/
Public Records Office
Personal Records and NotesÂ Â Â Â
Brothers In Arms â€“ Dire Straights